Wednesday, 03 July 2019 08:36

Non-ferrous metals and their application in industry

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Non-ferrous metals are alloys which do not contain iron. These include brass, high-nickel brass, bronze, and also coloured metals such as copper, aluminium, tin, lead, zinc, silver, gold, bronze and brass. They have very diverse properties and are therefore widely used in various industries, from aeronautics, through medicine, to the food industry.

What are the leading technologies on the metallurgy market and how are they applied?

 

In which industries are non-ferrous metals used?

Due to their wide range of valuable properties, non-ferrous metals are ideal for many industries, including:

  • aerospace engineering;

  • the automotive industry;

  • the construction industry;

  • the food industry;

  • the nuclear industry;

  • medicine (bone implants, contrast agents for X-ray pictures, dental cement;

  • the fashion industry (details and decorative elements of costumes);

  • household products (e.g. tableware).

Properties of non-ferrous metals and their applications in industrial production

One of the properties of non-ferrous alloys is their low melting point. Low melting point alloy (or fusible) alloys are multi-component alloys whose melting point starts even at 70 degrees Celsius. Examples of fusible metals are bismuth, lead and tin, which are used in alloys with an appropriate composition.

These metals are used for the manufacture of chemical and medical equipment. They are also used for the production of precision casts and medical equipment, electrotechnical equipment (electronic meters) and as solder.

Non-ferrous alloys are also used as welding materials. Aluminium flux cored wire is recommended for welding steel structures, machine elements, and tanks. The use of aluminium flux cored wires guarantees very high welding quality and low costs.

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